Catchment News

Uncertainty and delays in delivering critical wastewater infrastructure is undermining confidence and prolonging risks to public – EPA

The EPA report on Urban Waste Water Treatment in 2019, released today, highlights that delays in upgrading treatment systems around the country are prolonging risks to the environment and public health. 

Some improvements in performance were evident in the past year, with the removal of the raw sewage discharges from one town and improvements in treatment at nine towns and villages where waste water was the main issue. Despite these improvements however, Irish Water has repeatedly revised its plans and extended the time frame to provide treatment for towns and villages including those that are discharging raw sewage.

  • Raw sewage from 35 towns and villages flows into our environment every day, with 33 areas unlikely to receive treatment until after 2021.
  • Treatment at 19 of Ireland’s 172 large towns and cities, including Dublin and Cork, failed to meet standards set to prevent pollution. This is down from 28 over the past two years.
  • Irish Water has no clear plan to improve treatment at 23 areas where waste water is a significant threat to waters.
  • Overall there are 113 areas where priority action is needed to protect public health and the environment.

Raw sewage discharges pose an unacceptable risk to the environment and public health.

Two years ago, Irish Water advised it would provide necessary treatment infrastructure by the end of 2021 for 30 of the 35 areas discharging raw sewage. It has now revised this down to just two areas, resulting in significant delays in bringing projects to completion.

The growing uncertainty in Irish Water’s planning and delivery of these critical projects is undermining confidence in its capacity to reduce the risks to public health and the environment in a timely manner.

Plans are only effective if implemented, and the inherent uncertainty of these plans is a serious cause of concern for the EPA. Irish Water must remedy the underlying causes for the delays in delivering this critical infrastructure to ensure that raw sewage discharges are eliminated

Dr Tom Ryan, Director of the EPA’s Office of Environmental Enforcement
EPA’s Noel Byrne discusses the key findings of the ‘Urban Waste Water Treatment in 2019’ report.

Irish Water is failing to treat waste water to national and European Union standards and is falling far short of its own targets to deliver essential improvements needed to comply with these standards. 

The continuing issues in Dublin, which is served by Ringsend treatment plant, is of concern because it produces almost half (44%) of Ireland’s waste water.  The Ringsend plant repeatedly fails the treatment standards because it does not have the capacity to effectively treat all the sewage it receives. Irish Water is upgrading the plant and advises it will be completed by 2025.

These works must be a priority for Irish Water and will be closely monitored by the EPA. There is, however, no clear plan to improve treatment at 23 areas where waste water is a significant threat to waters at risk of pollution.  Irish Water must clearly identify when and how it will resolve the issues at these 23 areas and plan improvement works as early as possible

Mr Andy Fanning, Programme Manager of the EPA’s Office of Environmental Enforcement
Raw sewage from 35 towns and villages flows into our environment daily, with 33 areas unlikely to receive treatment until after 2021.

Environmental priorities

Waste water from many urban areas is released into rivers, estuaries and coastal waters without adequate treatment.  It is not possible to fix the problems at all areas in the short term and, therefore, resources that are available must be directed to deliver essential improvements where they are most needed.  The EPA identifies the following as the priorities that must be addressed to protect our environment from the harmful effects of waste water discharges:

  • 35 towns and villages releasing raw sewage into the environment.  The largest of these are Arklow and Cobh, with a combined population equivalent to 32,000.
  • 19 large towns and cities, including Dublin and Cork, where waste water treatment did not meet mandatory EU standards.
  • 48 areas where waste water is the main significant threat to inland and coastal waters at risk of pollution.  This is down from 57 areas the previous year.
  • 13 areas in Cork, Kerry and Laois where improvements are needed to protect globally endangered freshwater pearl mussels.
  • 7 large urban areas where waste water collection systems (sewers) were ruled inadequate by the European Court of Justice.  When a collection system is inadequate it cannot retain all waste water and convey it for treatment. 
  • 3 beaches where waste water contributed to poor quality bathing waters.  The beaches are Clifden and Ballyloughane in Galway and Merrion Strand in Dublin.

Learn more:

EPA Press Release

Download the full Urban Waste Water Treatment in 2019 report

You can view a map of sewage treatment locations in Ireland on

This assessment of Waste Water as a significant pressure was completed in 2017 and will be updated for the Third Cycle River Basin Management Plan.

Who is involved?

Quite simply, everyone in Ireland has a role to play. This can be from something as simple as making sure you don’t pollute your local stream, or a local community working together to establish a Rivers Trust to enhance the rivers and lakes in their area, to a Government Department or Agency helping a Minister implement a new policy to help protect and enhance all our water bodies.

This website has been developed and is maintained by the Environmental Protection Agency, and is a collaboration between the Department of Housing, Planning and Local Government, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Local Authority Waters Programme.


Local Authority Waters Programme

The Local Authority Waters Programme coordinates the efforts of local authorities and other public bodies in the implementation of the River Basin Management Plan, and supports local community and stakeholder involvement in managing our natural waters, for everyone’s benefit.


Environmental Protection Agency

The EPA is responsible for coordinating the monitoring, assessment and reporting on the status of our 4,842 water bodies, looking at trends and changes, determining which waterbodies are at risk and what could be causing this, and drafting environmental objectives for each.


Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage

The Department is responsible for making sure that the right policies, regulations and resources are in place to implement the Water Framework Directive, and developing a River Basin Management Plan and Programme of Measures to protect and restore our waters.