Catchment News

Significant Pressures: Agriculture

Agriculture is the most common land use in Ireland, covering approximately 70% of the country, the majority of which is in pasture. Agriculture has also been identified as the most prevalent significant pressure, impacting over 1000 waterbodies or approximately 60% of all waterbodies ‘At Risk’ of not achieving their environmental objective under the Water Framework Directive.

This is based on the most recent characterisation assessment using data up to 2021. In two thirds of waterbodies where agriculture is a significant pressure, additional pressures have also been identified.

Impacts of Agriculture on water quality

Who is involved?

Quite simply, everyone in Ireland has a role to play. This can be from something as simple as making sure you don’t pollute your local stream, or a local community working together to establish a Rivers Trust to enhance the rivers and lakes in their area, to a Government Department or Agency helping a Minister implement a new policy to help protect and enhance all our water bodies.

This website has been developed and is maintained by the Environmental Protection Agency, and is a collaboration between the Department of Housing, Planning and Local Government, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Local Authority Waters Programme.


Local Authority Waters Programme

The Local Authority Waters Programme coordinates the efforts of local authorities and other public bodies in the implementation of the River Basin Management Plan, and supports local community and stakeholder involvement in managing our natural waters, for everyone’s benefit.


Environmental Protection Agency

The EPA is responsible for coordinating the monitoring, assessment and reporting on the status of our 4,842 water bodies, looking at trends and changes, determining which waterbodies are at risk and what could be causing this, and drafting environmental objectives for each.


Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage

The Department is responsible for making sure that the right policies, regulations and resources are in place to implement the Water Framework Directive, and developing a River Basin Management Plan and Programme of Measures to protect and restore our waters.